Design Considerations: Remanufacturing is significantly enhanced by designs which are conducive to remanufacture. These include minimisation of the number of parts, ease of disassembly and assembly, lack of welded joints and embedded moulded parts, component standardisation, enclosure standardisation. Absence of OEM lock-in features is important for non-take-back markets. Management Processes: Technical capabilities alone have not been able to account for the remarkable differences in performance of practitioners of remanufacturing. These differences have been ascribed more to the management attitude and commitment to reengineering established company processes and communication channels to achieve an efficient and effective product/service. Like conventional manufacturing developments of the past (production line, cellular manufacturing, total quality, lean manufacturing), remanufacturing design and operations practice may form a rich field of study for social scientists and business schools.Material & Mechanical Processes: In the past, component parts may have been discarded simply because restoration techniques did not exist. For example, wearing components (bearings, shafts, collars, mating surfaces) would have been discarded once pitted, scarred or otherwise degraded. Recently, technologies such as metal spraying have allowed surfaces to be built up sufficiently to enable machining back to as-new condition.

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