Carbon dioxide has been linked with changing the earth’s climate. We generate carbon dioxide through heating our homes, driving to work and in the production of products and appliances we use in everyday life. As part of its remit, the Centre for Remanufacturing and Reuse has commissioned a study to examine the reduction in carbon dioxide emissions produced from reusing commonly remanufactured products.


A cartridge remanufacturing process saves approximately 2.5 kg of CO2 per cartridge compared to the production of a new cartridge. From data collected at Cartridge World, a mono toner cartridge can be remanufactured on average 3.5 times, meaning the carbon footprint from the production of the original cartridge is amortised over this extended lifetime. This needs to be added to the carbon footprint to gain an overall remanufacturing footprint.

Based on these assumptions the carbon footprint of remanufactured cartridge is approximately 2.8 kg, which is 2 kg (46 %) lower than that for a new cartridge. A summary of the study can be downloaded from this page.

This is a ‘live’ document and welcome comments and criticisms from stakeholders. Please contact us to discuss this study.

You may also be interested in the BFF input analysis.