Chaired by Barry Shearman MP, this meeting represented a distinct shift of emphasis away from discussing waste towards the concept of resource conservation. The Centre for Remanufacture & Reuse was invited to give the opening presentation to an audience of lords, MPs, industrialists, researchers and NGOs. David Parker set the scene by defining remanufacturing as a distinctive, profitable, high-quality manufacturing operation designed to return so-called end-of-life products to as-new condition, and with warranties that gave customers confidence to buy. Putting the benefits in context, the carbon impact of recycling is very low, but remanufacturing typically offers 60-70% energy recovery benefits. These material and energy recoveries were echoed by speakers from Caterpillar – perhaps the global leader in remanufacturing – and Geodis reverse logistics. David Parker summed up the key policy issue: “We haven’t been measuring the benefits of remanufacturing and reuse to date, so nobody has been interested in exploiting the potential. In policy terms, remanufacturing is now where recycling was ten years ago.” In a lively debate, the audience was left with a number of thought-provoking options including hardening existing end-of-life legislation. “Why can’t we adopt remanufacturing targets like we do for recycling?” was the parting challenge.