Remanufacturing can reduce demand for new lithium-ion batteries used in electric vehicles by 25%, according to the US-based Mineta National Transit Research Consortium's report Advances in Repurposing and Recycling of Post- Vehicle-Application Lithium-Ion Batteries.

The use of Li-ion batteries in EVs is growing to support electrification, to meet higher fuel efficiency targets and to decrease greenhouse gas emissions, say the researchers.

The report identifies remanufacturing as one of three ways of improving the aftermarket use of electric vehicle batteries. The other two are repurposing for stationary storage applications, and recycling to extract precious metals, chemicals and other by-products.

The report suggests that, by 2030, capacity for recycling will need to be around 85% of the combined capacity for repurposing and remanufacturing, and that the availability of capacity that is flexible for repurposing and remanufacturing tasks is key.

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