According to the United Nations, climate change and greenhouse effects have already raised the earth's temperature by 0.5 degree Celsius, which will increase to four degrees by the end of the century. Remanufacturers already contribute significantly towards saving energy and reducing the carbon emissions (CO2) which cause global warming. Fernand Weiland, European Director of the Automotive Parts Remanufacturers Association (APRA) estimates the CO2 savings generated by automotive remanufacturing in Europe to be 300,000 tons per annum and in the region of 1 million tons per annum globally. According to a recent survey by the US Department of Trade, automotive remanufacturing represents 30% of the remanufacturing industry. On that basis the global savings currently amount to at least 3 million tons of carbon dioxide. With the expansion of the Remanufacturing Industry, the figure of 3 million tons could easily double, if not triple, in the future. More can be done to mitigate climate change by remanufacturing on a larger scale. In Europe, Fernand Weiland estimates that just half of all remanufacturable components are remanufactured in Europe, which leaves plenty of opportunity for replacing numerous new components manufactured by OEs with remanufactured products. However, two areas in which remanufacturing performs less well in terms of energy consumption compared to new components are cleaning (which uses a great deal of energy and should be reviewed continuously) and logistics. Efficient core transport and core management is an area that allows for considerable energy savings. Fernand Weiland suggests that the Automotive Remanufacturing Industry should put more effort into solving this issue and that APRA could consider creating certificates of excellence for members achieving higher bench marks.