Now, changing customer expectations and stringent product take-back regulations are forcing many goods producing organizations to confront EOL product management, even in cases in which there is no clear economic incentive for doing so. This article presents a framework that highlights the supply chain implications for firms forced into EOL product management where recycling is the only viable option. Discussed are the various recycling options available to managers, as well as the strategic implications of each of these choices. These academic papers are available to purchase through, usually at US$30 each. To do this, it is necessary to register via the weblink given.

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